And a conviction in most cases will lead to mandatory registration as a sex offender.
Sex offender registration does not exist outside of the English-speaking world, however.
The United States is the only country with a registry that is publicly accessible; all other countries in the English-speaking world have sex offender registries only accessible by law enforcement.
In many jurisdictions, registered sex offenders are subject to additional restrictions, including on housing.
Those on parole or probation may be subject to restrictions that do not apply to other parolees or probationers.
For example, a sex offender is required to update their registration in each jurisdiction they reside, are employed, or attend school.